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Mineral wealth:

Egypt posses' abundance of minerals, which vary in type, quantity and distribution locations. Mineral wealth in Egypt is classified into five basic categories:

Solid-state ores: It has a number of types, the most important ones, Carbonic materials such as coal, which are found in the rocks above the composition of phosphate in the governorates of the Red Sea and the New Valley.

Radioactive materials: Such as uranium, which is found in the rocks of the Eastern Desert and Sinai and is used in the production of nuclear energy.

Metallic materials: It includes three types of metals, iron ore, non-ferrous materials and precious metals.

Iron ore: Such as iron, which is one of the most important mineral wealth, which is famous in Egypt and is the basis of heavy industries, which isused in the car industry, trains and construction.

There are also many non-ferrous materials such as copper and precious metals such as silverplatinum, gold, non-metallic materials and finally the raw materials of chemical industries and fertilizers and all these minerals are available in large quantities and are exploited in production and export.

Construction Materials: Such as Granite, marble, white sand and limestone.

The Eastern Desert: 

It extends from the Nile Valley in the west to the R​ed Sea, Suez Gulf, and Suez Canal in the East, and from Lake Manzala on the Mediterranean in the North of Egypt's southern borders with Sudan in the south. The Eastern Desert is marked with the Eastern Mountains that extend along the Red Sea with peaks that rise to about 3000 feet above sea level. This desert is rich with natural resources including various ores such as gold, coal, oil.

The Sinai Peninsula:

Sinai is shaped like a triangle with its base at the Mediterranean in the North and its tip in the South at Ras Mohammed, the Gulf of Aqaba to the East and the Gulf of Suez and Suez Canal to the West. It is topographically divided into three main sections:

- The Southern section is an extremely tough terrain. It is composed of high-rise Granite Mountains.

-  Mount Catherine rises about 2640 meters above sea level, a matter that makes it the highest mountaintop in Egypt. 

-  The Central Section is bounded by the Mediterranean to the North and the Al-Teeh plateau to the south. It is a plain area with abundant water resources derived from rain water that flows from southern heights to the central plateau. 

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