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About Egypt

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​​​​​​​​​​​​Country Flag
Official language​Arabic​
Foreign languages English and French widely understood by educated classes
Capital CityCairo
Main CitiesCairo, Alexandria, Giza, Port Said, Suez, Hurgada, Luxor, Sharm El Sheikh
Form of GovernmentRepublic
Head of StatePresident: ABD  EL FATTAH  AL SISI
Head of GovernmentPrime Minister Moustafa Madbouly
Administration27 Governorates
State Holiday23rd of July (Revolution Day )
6th of October (Victory Day)
25th of Jan (Revolution Day) and (Police Day)
Population105.4 million (July  2023) 
​surface area
​1.002 million Km2
average economic growth rate
Time zone
GMT+2 hrs
Average GDP in current prices 
6.4 trillion 
Average private investmentsEGP 301 billion 
Average net foreign direct investment
USD 7.6 billion ( The average for the period from FY 2016 / 17 to FY 2022/23
Average inflation rate
Average unemployment rate
8.8 %
International and national airports
Commercial ports
The developing road network (expected)
30000 km
Railway network length
705 stations   9570 km (2022)
3 lines  94 stations
 2 lines  35 stations
​Light electric railway 
​19 stations
​High speed electric railway
​22 stations
​Generated and purchased energy 
​213182 G.W/h (2021/2022)
​Production of crude oil and condensate
​27.8 million tons (2022)
​Natural oil production
​50.6 million tons (2022)
​Butane gas production
​1.1 million tons (2022)