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About Egypt

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​​​​​​​​​​​​Country Flag
Official language​Arabic​
Foreign languages English and French widely understood by educated classes
Capital CityCairo
Main CitiesCairo, Alexandria, Giza, Port Said, Suez, Hurgada, Luxor, Sharm El Sheikh
Form of GovernmentRepublic
Head of StatePresident: ABD  EL FATTAH  AL SISI
Head of GovernmentPrime Minister Moustafa Madbouly
Administration27 Governorates
State Holiday23rd of July (Revolution Day )
6th of October (Victory Day)
25th of Jan (Revolution Day) and (Police Day)
Population102,399,678(September  2021) 
Population average Growth Rate 2.65 % (2014-2018)  
Age Structure:
0-14 years: 33.8% 
15-44 years: 46% 
45-59 years: 12.5% 
60 years and over: 7.7%  
Labor Force 29.1 (Q2 2021) 
Universities41 Universities (23 Public, and 18 Private)
Main Sea Ports and TerminalsAlexandria, Damietta, El Dekheila, Port Said, Suez, El-Sukhnah 
Road Network193,841 Kilometers
Railway Network9,570  Kilometers
Time ZoneGMT+2
Moderate climate throughout the Year  
(temperature degrees: Summer 29°-35°, Winter 15°-25° C)  
CurrencyEgyptian Pound (EGP)
Phone Dial Code+20
Power Voltage220 KW
Coastline2,450 KM
Internet Users 72.76  Million ( july 2021)  
Mobile Users 100.78   Million (july 2021) 
Fixed Lines Users  10.84  Million (july 2021) 


  • Ministry of Planning, Follow up and Administrative Reform, Economic, and Social Development Follow up Report, Official Website.
  • Ministry of Finance, Official Website.
  • Ministry of Communication and Information Technology, ICT Sector: Main Economic Indicators, Official Website.
  • Central Bank of Egypt (CBE): Monthly Statistical Bulletin, Official Website.
  • Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics: CAPMAS (Census 2006), Official Website.
  • The Information and Decision Support Center: IDSC, Official Website. ​